The dramatic demographic changes that are occurring in the third millennium are modifying the mission of generalist professionals such as primary care physicians and internists. Multiple chronic diseases and the related prescription of multiple medications are becoming typical problems and present many challenges. Unfortunately, the available evidence regarding the efficacy of medications has been generated by clinical trials involving patients completely different from those currently admitted to internal medicine: much younger, affected by a single disease and managed in a highly controlled research environment. Because only registries can provide information on drug effectiveness in real-life conditions, REPOSI started in 2008 with the goal of acquiring data on elderly people acutely admitted to medical or geriatric hospital wards in Italy. The main goals of the registry were to evaluate drug prescription appropriateness, the relationship between multimorbidity/polypharmacy and such cogent outcomes as hospital mortality and re-hospitalization, and the identification of disease clusters that most often concomitantly occur in the elderly. The findings of 3-yearly REPOSI runs (2008, 2010, 2012) suggest the following pertinent tasks for the internist in order to optimally handle their elderly patients: the management of multiple medications, the need to become acquainted with geriatric multidimensional tools, the promotion and implementation of a multidisciplinary team approach to patient health and care and the corresponding involvement of patients and their relatives and caregivers. There is also a need for more research, tailored to the peculiar features of the multimorbid elderly patient.

Multimorbidity and polypharmacy in the elderly: lessons from REPOSI.

Luigina Guasti;Andrea Maresca;Alessandro Squizzato;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The dramatic demographic changes that are occurring in the third millennium are modifying the mission of generalist professionals such as primary care physicians and internists. Multiple chronic diseases and the related prescription of multiple medications are becoming typical problems and present many challenges. Unfortunately, the available evidence regarding the efficacy of medications has been generated by clinical trials involving patients completely different from those currently admitted to internal medicine: much younger, affected by a single disease and managed in a highly controlled research environment. Because only registries can provide information on drug effectiveness in real-life conditions, REPOSI started in 2008 with the goal of acquiring data on elderly people acutely admitted to medical or geriatric hospital wards in Italy. The main goals of the registry were to evaluate drug prescription appropriateness, the relationship between multimorbidity/polypharmacy and such cogent outcomes as hospital mortality and re-hospitalization, and the identification of disease clusters that most often concomitantly occur in the elderly. The findings of 3-yearly REPOSI runs (2008, 2010, 2012) suggest the following pertinent tasks for the internist in order to optimally handle their elderly patients: the management of multiple medications, the need to become acquainted with geriatric multidimensional tools, the promotion and implementation of a multidisciplinary team approach to patient health and care and the corresponding involvement of patients and their relatives and caregivers. There is also a need for more research, tailored to the peculiar features of the multimorbid elderly patient.
2014
http://www.springer.com/italy/home?SGWID=6-102-70-173668106-0&changeHeader=true
Adverse drug effects; Aging; Drug prescription; Multidimensional evaluation; Multimorbidity; Polypharmacy; Internal Medicine; Emergency Medicine
Mannuccio Mannucci, Pier; Nobili, Alessandro; Tettamanti, Mauro; Pasina, Luca; Franchi, Carlotta; Salerno, Francesco; Corrao, Salvatore; Marengoni, Alessandra; Marcuccim, Maura; Sparacio, Eleonora; Alborghetti, Stefania; Di Costanzo, Rosa; Kamal Eldin, Tarek; Tettamanti, Mauro; Djignefa Djade, Codjo; Prisco, Domenico; Silvestri, Elena; Cenci, Caterina; Barnini, Tommaso; Firenze, Careggi; Delitala, Giuseppe; Carta, Stefano; Atzori, Sebastiana; Guarnieri, Gianfranco; Zanetti, Michela; Spalluti, Annalisa; Grazia Serra, Maria; Antonietta Bleve, Maria; Panico, Cardinale; Vanoli, Massimo; Grignani, Giulia; Casella, Gianluca; Gasbarrone, Laura; Maniscalco, Giorgio; Gunelli, Massimo; Tirotta, Daniela; Brucato, Antonio; Ghidoni, Silvia; Bernardi, Mauro; Li Bassi, Silvia; Santi, Luca; Agnelli, Giancarlo; Iorio, Alfonso; Marcucci, Maura; Marchesini, Emanuela; Mannarino, Elmo; Lupattelli, Graziana; Rondelli, Pamela; Paciullo, Francesco; Fabris, Fabrizio; Carlon, Michela; Turatto, Francesca; Cristina Baroni, Maria; Zardo, Marianna; Manfredini, Roberto; Molino, Christian; Pala, Marco; Fabbian, Fabio; Nuti, Ranuccio; Valenti, Roberto; Ruvio, Martina; Cappelli, Silvia; Paolisso, Giuseppe; Rosaria Rizzo, Maria; Teresa Laieta, Maria; Nutrizionali, Malattie; Salvatore, Teresa; Carlo Sasso, Ferdinando; Utili, Riccardo; Durante Mangoni, Emanuele; Pinto, Daniela; Infettivologica, Medicina; Olivieri, Oliviero; Maria Stanzial, Anna; Fellin, Renato; Volpato, Stefano; Fotini, Sioulis; Barbagallo, Mario; Dominguez, Ligia; Plances, Lidia; D'Angelo, Daniela; Rini, Giovanbattista; Mansueto, Pasquale; Pepe, Ilenia; Licata, Giuseppe; Calvo, Luigi; Valenti, Maria; Borghi, Claudio; Strocchi, Enrico; Rebecca Rinaldi, Elisa; Zoli, Marco; Fabbri, Elisa; Magalotti, Donatella; Auteri, Alberto; Laura Pasqui, Anna; Puccetti, Luca; Laghi Pasini, Franco; Leopoldo Capecchi, Pier; Bicchi, Maurizio; Sabba, Carlo; Saverio Vella, Francesco; Marseglia, Alessandro; Valentina Luglio, Chiara; Palasciano, Giuseppe; Ester Modeo, Maria; Aquilino, Annamaria; Raffaele, Pallante; Pugliese, Stefania; Capobianco, Caterina; Augusto Murri, I; Postiglione, Alfredo; Rosaria Barbella, Maria; De Stefano, Francesco; Fenoglio, Luigi; Brignone, Chiara; Bracco, Christian; Giraudo, Alessia; Musca, Giuseppe; Cuccurullo, Olga; Cricco, Luigi; Fiorentini, Alessandra; Domenica Cappellini, Maria; Fabio, Giovanna; Seghezzi, Sonia; Migone De Amicis, Margherita; Fargion, Silvia; Bonara, Paola; Bulgheroni, Mara; Lombardi, Rosa; Magrini, Fabio; Massari, Ferdinando; Tonella, Tatiana; Peyvandi, Flora; Tedeschi, Alberto; Rossio, Raffaella; Moreo, Guido; Ferrari, Barbara; Roncari, Luisa; Monzani, Valter; Savojardo, Valeria; Folli, Christian; Magnini, Maria; Mari, Daniela; Dionigi Rossi, Paolo; Damanti, Sarah; Prolo, Silvia; Sole Lilleri, Maria; Cricco, Luigi; Fiorentini, Alessandra; Micale, Giuliana; Podda, Mauro; Selmi, Carlo; Meda, Francesca; Salerno, Francesco; Accordino, Silvia; Conca, Alessio; Monti, Valentina; Roberto Corazza, Gino; Miceli, Emanuela; Vincenzo Lenti, Marco; Padula, Donatella; L Balduini, Carlo; Bertolino, Giampiera; Provini, Stella; Quaglia, Federica; Murialdo, Giovanni; Bovio, Marta; Dallegri, Franco; Ottonello, Luciano; Quercioli, Alessandra; Barreca, Alessandra; Beatrice Secchi, Maria; Ghelfi, Davide; Balsamo, Cinisello; Sheng Chin, Wu; Carassale, Laura; Caporotundo, Silvia; Anastasio, Luigi; Sofia, Lucia; Carbone, Maria; Valentia, Vibo; Traisci, Giancarlo; De Feudis, Lucrezia; Di Carlo, Silvia; Davì, Giovanni; Teresa Guagnano, Maria; Sestili, Simona; Bergami, Elisabetta; Rizzioli, Emanuela; Cagnoni, Carlo; Bertone, Luca; Manucra, Antonio; Soccorso, Primo; Buratti, Alberto; Tognin, Tiziana; Lucio Liberato, Nicola; Bernasconi, Giordano; Nardo, Barbara; Battista Bianchi, Giovanni; Giaquinto, Sabrina; Benetti, Giampiero; Quagliolo, Michela; Riccardo Centenaro, Giuseppe; Predabissi, Vizzolo; Purrello, Francesco; Di Pino, Antonino; Piro, Salvatore; Mancuso, Gerardo; Calipari, Daniela; Bartone, Mosé; Gullo, Francesco; Cortellaro, Michele; Magenta, Marina; Perego, Francesca; Rachele Meroni, Maria; Cicardi, Marco; Gidaro Marina Magenta, Antonio; Sacco, Andrea; Bonelli, Antonio; Dentamaro, Gaetano; Rozzini, Renzo; Falanga, Lina; Giordano, Alessandro; Cavallo Perin, Paolo; Lorenzati, Bartolomeo; Gruden, Gabriella; Bruno, Graziella; Montrucchio, Giuseppe; Greco, Elisabetta; Tizzani, Pietro; Fera, Giacomo; Loreta Di Luca, Maria; Renna, Donatella; Perciccante, Antonio; Coralli, Alessia; Tassara, Rodolfo; Melis, Deborah; Rebella, Lara; Menardo, Giorgio; Bottone, Stefania; Sferrazzo, Elsa; Ferri, Claudio; Striuli, Rinaldo; Scipioni, Rosa; Salmi, Raffaella; Gaudenzi, Piergiorgio; Gamberini, Susanna; Ricci, Franco; Morabito, Cosimo; Semplicini, Andrea; Gottardo, Lucia; Delitala, Giuseppe; Carta, Stefano; Atzori, Sebastiana; Vendemiale, Gianluigi; Serviddio, Gaetano; Forlano, Roberta; Bolondi, Luigi; Rasciti, Leonardo; Serio, Ilaria; Masala, Cesare; Mammarella, Antonio; Raparelli, Valeria; Rossi Fanelli, Filippo; Delfino, Massimo; Amoroso, Antonio; Violi, Francesco; Basili, Stefania; Perri, Ludovica; Serra, Pietro; Fontana, Vincenzo; Falcone, Marco; Landolfi, Raffaele; Grieco, Antonio; Gallo, Antonella; Zuccalà, Giuseppe; Franceschi, Francesco; De Marco, Guido; Chiara, Cordischi; Marta, Sabbatini; Bellusci, Martino; Setti, Donatella; Pedrazzoli, Filippo; Romanelli, Giuseppe; Pirali, Caterina; Amolini, Claudia; Agabiti Rosei, Enrico; Rizzoni, Damiano; Castoldi, Luana; Picardi, Antonio; Vespasiani Gentilucci, Umberto; Mazzarelli, Chiara; Gallo, Paolo; Guasti, Luigina; Castiglioni, Luana; Maresca, ANDREA MARIA; Squizzato, Alessandro; Contini, Sara; Molaro, Marta; Annoni, Giorgio; Corsi, Maurizio; Zazzetta, Sara; Bertolotti, Marco; Mussi, Chiara; Scotto, Roberto; Alice Ferri, Maria; Veltri, Francesca; Arturi, Franco; Succurro, Elena; Sesti, Giorgio; Gualtieri, Umberto; Magna Grecia, Studi; Perticone, Francesco; Sciacqua, Angela; Quero, Michele; Bagnato, Chiara; Loria, Paola; Angela Becchi, Maria; Martucci, Gianfranco; Fantuzzi, Alessandra; Maurantonio, Mauro; Corinaldesi, Roberto; De Giorgio, Roberto; Serra, Mauro; Grasso, Valentina; Ruggeri, Eugenio; Mauro Carozza, Lorenzo; Pignatti, Fabio
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