Clonal chromosome anomalies are frequently acquired in the bone marrow (BM) of patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS), and two are the most frequent: an isochromosome of the long arm of chromosome 7, i(7)(q10), and an interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 20, del(20)(q). Patients with SDS have a risk of developing myelodysplasia (MDS) and/or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), and the presence of chromosome changes was studied in relation with this risk. Starting in 1999 we have monitored the cytogenetic picture of a cohort of 92 Italian patients with SDS by all suitable cytogenetic and molecular methods. Clonal anomalies in BM were present in 41/92 patients. The i(7)(q10) was observed in 16 patients, and the del(20)(q) in 15, both these changes in four, but in independent clones. So, the most frequent clonal anomalies were found in 35 patients. Other, different, clonal anomalies were found in the BM of 13 patients, in eight cases in the absence of i(7)(q10) or del(20)(q), in five cases in association with one of these changes. In these less common clonal anomalies, the distribution of the chromosomes involved was markedly disparate, and some of them were novel and recurrent: - structural rearrangements of chromosome 7, mainly unbalanced (deletions, inversions or translocations), were present in five of our 13 patients, three of whom developed MDS/AML. - a further complex rearrangement of the more common del(20)(q), leading to duplicated and deleted portions, was identical in two patients, with almost identical a-CGH profiles, neither developed MDS/AML. - an unbalanced translocation t(3;6), with partial trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 3 and partial monosomy of the long arm of chromosome 6, was not identical but very similar in two patients, one of whom developed MDS/AML.
|Titolo:||Novel recurrent chromosome anomalies in Shwachman Diamond syndrome|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Abstract (in Rivista)|