Background: Fibrinogen is a central player in the blood coagulation cascade and one of the most abundant plasma proteins. This glycoprotein also triggers important events (e.g., cell spreading, the respiratory burst and degranulation) in neutrophil cells via a α M β 2 integrin-mediated binding to the cell surface. Yet, little is known about the interaction of fibrinogen with leukocytes other than neutrophils or stimulated monocytes, although high amounts of fibrinogen protein can also be found in lymphocytes, particularly in T-cells. The aim of the present work is to unveil the dynamics and the function of fibrinogen intake in T-cells. Methods: Using the Jurkat cell line as a T-cells model we performed fibrinogen intake/competition experiments. Moreover, by means of a targeted gene knock-down by RNA-interference, we investigated the dynamics of the intake mechanism. Results: Here we show that (i) fibrinogen, although not expressed in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, can be internalized by these cells; (ii) fibrinogen internalization curves show a hyperbolic behavior, which is affected by the presence of serum in the medium, (iii) FITC-conjugated fibrinogen is released and re-internalized by adjacent cells, (iv) the presence of human serum albumin (HSA) or immunoglobulin G (IgG), which are both protected from intracellular degradation by the interaction with the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), results in a decreased amount of internalized fibrinogen, and (v) FcRn-knockdown affects the dynamics of fibrinogen internalization. Conclusions: We demonstrated here for the first time that fibrinogen can be internalized and released by T-lymphocyte cells. Moreover, we showed that the presence of serum, HSA or IgG in the culture medium results in a reduction of the amount of internalized fibrinogen in these cells. Thus, we obtained experimental evidence for the expression of FcRn in T-lymphocyte cells and we propose this receptor as involved in the protection of fibrinogen from intracellular lysosomal degradation.

Neonatal Fc receptor is involved in the protection of fibrinogen after its intake in peripheral blood mononuclear cells

Alberio, Tiziana
Primo
;
Forlani, Greta
Secondo
;
Lualdi, Marta;Tosi, Giovanna;Accolla, Roberto S.
Penultimo
;
Fasano, Mauro
Ultimo
2018

Abstract

Background: Fibrinogen is a central player in the blood coagulation cascade and one of the most abundant plasma proteins. This glycoprotein also triggers important events (e.g., cell spreading, the respiratory burst and degranulation) in neutrophil cells via a α M β 2 integrin-mediated binding to the cell surface. Yet, little is known about the interaction of fibrinogen with leukocytes other than neutrophils or stimulated monocytes, although high amounts of fibrinogen protein can also be found in lymphocytes, particularly in T-cells. The aim of the present work is to unveil the dynamics and the function of fibrinogen intake in T-cells. Methods: Using the Jurkat cell line as a T-cells model we performed fibrinogen intake/competition experiments. Moreover, by means of a targeted gene knock-down by RNA-interference, we investigated the dynamics of the intake mechanism. Results: Here we show that (i) fibrinogen, although not expressed in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, can be internalized by these cells; (ii) fibrinogen internalization curves show a hyperbolic behavior, which is affected by the presence of serum in the medium, (iii) FITC-conjugated fibrinogen is released and re-internalized by adjacent cells, (iv) the presence of human serum albumin (HSA) or immunoglobulin G (IgG), which are both protected from intracellular degradation by the interaction with the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), results in a decreased amount of internalized fibrinogen, and (v) FcRn-knockdown affects the dynamics of fibrinogen internalization. Conclusions: We demonstrated here for the first time that fibrinogen can be internalized and released by T-lymphocyte cells. Moreover, we showed that the presence of serum, HSA or IgG in the culture medium results in a reduction of the amount of internalized fibrinogen in these cells. Thus, we obtained experimental evidence for the expression of FcRn in T-lymphocyte cells and we propose this receptor as involved in the protection of fibrinogen from intracellular lysosomal degradation.
http://www.translational-medicine.com/home/
Fibrinogen; Neonatal Fc receptor; T-cells; Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
Alberio, Tiziana; Forlani, Greta; Lualdi, Marta; Tosi, Giovanna; Accolla, Roberto S.; Fasano, Mauro
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2070560
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