Objective: To describe a novel bilaterally pedicled pericranial flap for anterior cranial base reconstruction after removal of complex frontobasal cancers extending to the frontal region, thus precluding the use of standard reconstructive techniques. Methods: In selected oncologic cranial base surgeries, the use of the standard galea frontalis pericranial flap for reconstructive purposes may be precluded by tumor infiltration. In such cases, dura mater reconstruction and exclusion of frontal sinuses from the intracranial space can be performed using a large superficial temporal artery bilaterally pedicled pericranial flap obtained from both temporoparietal regions. Surgical technique, indication, contraindication, complications, and degree of resection are recorded to evaluate the efficacy of this surgical method. Results: A 48-year-old man affected by a recurrence of frontobasal squamous cell carcinoma was surgically treated by combined transcranial and endoscopic endonasal resection. A large pericranial flap pedicled bilaterally on the parietal branches of the superficial temporal artery was obtained, transposed anteriorly, carefully watertight sutured to the dural defect, and used to exclude cranialized frontal sinuses as well. The reconstruction was successful, and the patient was discharged home on the tenth postoperative day without any complications and/or development of cerebrospinal fluid leak. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging 3 months after surgery was clear from disease with consolidated surgical outcomes. Conclusions: This novel pericranial flap seems to be easily obtained and effective for anterior cranial base reconstruction when the use of a traditional galea frontalis flap is precluded for oncologic reasons and there are concerns for the possible development of contaminations and cerebrospinal fluid leaks.

The Helmet-Visor Pericranial Flap as a Viable Option for Anterior Cranial Base Reconstruction in Complex Oncologic Cases

Restelli Francesco
;
Pozzi Fabio;Turri-Zanoni Mario;Veiceschi Pierlorenzo;Cherubino Mario;Castelnuovo Paolo;Locatelli Davide
2019

Abstract

Objective: To describe a novel bilaterally pedicled pericranial flap for anterior cranial base reconstruction after removal of complex frontobasal cancers extending to the frontal region, thus precluding the use of standard reconstructive techniques. Methods: In selected oncologic cranial base surgeries, the use of the standard galea frontalis pericranial flap for reconstructive purposes may be precluded by tumor infiltration. In such cases, dura mater reconstruction and exclusion of frontal sinuses from the intracranial space can be performed using a large superficial temporal artery bilaterally pedicled pericranial flap obtained from both temporoparietal regions. Surgical technique, indication, contraindication, complications, and degree of resection are recorded to evaluate the efficacy of this surgical method. Results: A 48-year-old man affected by a recurrence of frontobasal squamous cell carcinoma was surgically treated by combined transcranial and endoscopic endonasal resection. A large pericranial flap pedicled bilaterally on the parietal branches of the superficial temporal artery was obtained, transposed anteriorly, carefully watertight sutured to the dural defect, and used to exclude cranialized frontal sinuses as well. The reconstruction was successful, and the patient was discharged home on the tenth postoperative day without any complications and/or development of cerebrospinal fluid leak. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging 3 months after surgery was clear from disease with consolidated surgical outcomes. Conclusions: This novel pericranial flap seems to be easily obtained and effective for anterior cranial base reconstruction when the use of a traditional galea frontalis flap is precluded for oncologic reasons and there are concerns for the possible development of contaminations and cerebrospinal fluid leaks.
Cranial base reconstruction; Pericranial flap; Skull base reconstruction; Superficial temporal artery; Vascularized pedicle;
Tabano, Antonio; Restelli, Francesco; Pozzi, Fabio; Turri-Zanoni, Mario; Veiceschi, Pierlorenzo; Cherubino, Mario; Castelnuovo, Paolo; Locatelli, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2079428
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