Characterization of functional nanocrystalline materials in terms of quantitative determination of size, size dispersion, type, and extension of exposed facets still remains a challenging task. This is particularly the case of anisotropically shaped nanocrystals (NCs) like the TiO2 photocatalysts. Here, commercially available P25 and P90 titania nanopowders have been characterized by wide-angle X-ray total scattering techniques. Synchrotron data were modelled by the reciprocal space-based Debye scattering equation (DSE) method using atomistic models of NC populations (simultaneously carrying atomic and nanoscale structural features) for both anatase and rutile phases. Statistically robust descriptors are provided of size, morphology, and {101} vs. {001} facet area of truncated tetragonal bipyramids for anatase, jointly to polymorph quantification. The effects of using the proper NC shape on the X-ray diffraction pattern are analyzed in depth through DSE simulations by considering variable bipyramid aspect ratios (resulting in different {101} vs. {001} surface) and relative dispersion in a bivariate manner. We demonstrate that using prismatic NCs having equal volume and aspect ratio as bipyramids provides reasonably accurate sizes and {101} and {001} surface areas of the parent morphology.

Structure, Morphology, and Faceting of TiO2 Photocatalysts by the Debye Scattering Equation Method. The P25 and P90 Cases of Study

Bertolotti F.;Vivani A.;Moscheni D.;Ferri F.;Masciocchi N.;Guagliardi A.
2020

Abstract

Characterization of functional nanocrystalline materials in terms of quantitative determination of size, size dispersion, type, and extension of exposed facets still remains a challenging task. This is particularly the case of anisotropically shaped nanocrystals (NCs) like the TiO2 photocatalysts. Here, commercially available P25 and P90 titania nanopowders have been characterized by wide-angle X-ray total scattering techniques. Synchrotron data were modelled by the reciprocal space-based Debye scattering equation (DSE) method using atomistic models of NC populations (simultaneously carrying atomic and nanoscale structural features) for both anatase and rutile phases. Statistically robust descriptors are provided of size, morphology, and {101} vs. {001} facet area of truncated tetragonal bipyramids for anatase, jointly to polymorph quantification. The effects of using the proper NC shape on the X-ray diffraction pattern are analyzed in depth through DSE simulations by considering variable bipyramid aspect ratios (resulting in different {101} vs. {001} surface) and relative dispersion in a bivariate manner. We demonstrate that using prismatic NCs having equal volume and aspect ratio as bipyramids provides reasonably accurate sizes and {101} and {001} surface areas of the parent morphology.
Debye scattering equation; Nanocrystal morphology; Photocatalyst; Synchrotron X-ray diffraction; Titania;
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2093886
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