Aim of the study: Analysis of the impact of bradycardia and hypoxemia on the course of cerebral and peripheral oxygenation parameters in preterm infants in need for respiratory support during foetal-to-neonatal transition. Methods: The first 15 min after birth of 150 preterm neonates in need for respiratory support born at the Division of Neonatology, Graz (Austria) were analyzed. Infants were divided into different groups according to duration of bradycardia exposure (no Bradycardia, brief bradycardia <2 min, and prolonged bradycardia ≥2 min) and to systemic oxygen saturation (SpO2) value at 5 min of life (<80% or ≥80%). Analysis was performed considering the degree of bradycardia alone (step 1) and in association with the presence of hypoxemia (step 2). Results: In step 1, courses of SpO2 differed significantly between bradycardia groups (p = 0.002), while courses of cerebral regional oxygen saturation (crStO2) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) were not influenced (p = 0.382 and p = 0.878). In step 2, the additional presence of hypoxemia had a significant impact on the courses of SpO2 (p < 0.001), crStO2 (p < 0.001) and cFTOE (p = 0.045). Conclusion: Our study shows that the degree of bradycardia has a significant impact on the course of SpO2 only, but when associated with the additional presence of hypoxemia a significant impact on cerebral oxygenation parameters was seen (crStO2, cFTOE). Furthermore, the additional presence of hypoxemia has a significant impact on FiO2 delivered. Our study emphasizes the importance of HR and SpO2 during neonatal resuscitation, underlining the relevance of hypoxemia during the early transitional phase.

Impact of bradycardia and hypoxemia on oxygenation in preterm infants requiring respiratory support at birth

Bresesti I.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Aim of the study: Analysis of the impact of bradycardia and hypoxemia on the course of cerebral and peripheral oxygenation parameters in preterm infants in need for respiratory support during foetal-to-neonatal transition. Methods: The first 15 min after birth of 150 preterm neonates in need for respiratory support born at the Division of Neonatology, Graz (Austria) were analyzed. Infants were divided into different groups according to duration of bradycardia exposure (no Bradycardia, brief bradycardia <2 min, and prolonged bradycardia ≥2 min) and to systemic oxygen saturation (SpO2) value at 5 min of life (<80% or ≥80%). Analysis was performed considering the degree of bradycardia alone (step 1) and in association with the presence of hypoxemia (step 2). Results: In step 1, courses of SpO2 differed significantly between bradycardia groups (p = 0.002), while courses of cerebral regional oxygen saturation (crStO2) and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (cFTOE) were not influenced (p = 0.382 and p = 0.878). In step 2, the additional presence of hypoxemia had a significant impact on the courses of SpO2 (p < 0.001), crStO2 (p < 0.001) and cFTOE (p = 0.045). Conclusion: Our study shows that the degree of bradycardia has a significant impact on the course of SpO2 only, but when associated with the additional presence of hypoxemia a significant impact on cerebral oxygenation parameters was seen (crStO2, cFTOE). Furthermore, the additional presence of hypoxemia has a significant impact on FiO2 delivered. Our study emphasizes the importance of HR and SpO2 during neonatal resuscitation, underlining the relevance of hypoxemia during the early transitional phase.
2021
Cerebral oxygen delivery; Cerebral oxygen saturation; Degree of bradycardia; Neonatal resuscitation; Presence of hypoxemia; Preterm infants; Respiratory support; Austria; Brain; Humans; Hypoxia; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Oxygen; Resuscitation; Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared; Bradycardia; Infant, Premature
Bresesti, I.; Avian, A.; Bruckner, M.; Binder-Heschl, C.; Schwaberger, B.; Baik-Schneditz, N.; Schmolzer, G.; Pichler, G.; Urlesberger, B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2119406
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