Background: To assess how tuberosity treatment affects the short-term clinical outcome of patients with complex proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) treated with reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Methods: This is a multicentre study on 90 patients affected by acute PHFs (Neer type-4/11C3.2 in 80% of patients, and a Neer type 3/11B3.2 in 20%) treated with RSA and followed at an average of 34 months. Patients were divided into two groups (reconstructed and non-reconstructed tuberosity) according to the surgical fixation of the tuberosities. Then, the "reconstructed tuberosity" was divided into "healed" and "non-healed" groups. All patients were clinically evaluated in terms of ROM and strength in elevation, as well as with 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS), Constant and Murley Score (CMS), DASH Score, and EQ-VAS. X-rays in anteroposterior and Neer views were performed. Results: Based on the status of the tuberosities, 18.9% were non-reconstructed (17 patients) and 81.1% were reconstructed (73 patients): out of these, 11 were correctly healed, 42 healed with malposition, and 20 were reabsorbed. Instability was found in 2/73 patients in the reconstructed group, and in 4/17 patients in the non-reconstructed group. NRS (1.4 vs 0.5), DASH (23.1 vs 13.9), and EQ-VAS (78.1 vs 83.7) scores had better final values in the non-reconstructed group (p < 0.05). However, the non-correctly healed tuberosity group (excision + resorption + malposition/migration) showed worse strength, as well as clinical scores when compared to the correctly healed tuberosity group. Conclusion: RSA ensures satisfactory functional results for PHFs. Patients with a successfully reconstructed tuberosity have an overall better outcome. However, in this series most of the reconstructed cases presented tuberosity reabsorption, malposition, or migration, which led to lower results. Thus, tuberosity reconstruction must be carefully considered and tuberosity reabsorption or migration factors should be investigated, to optimize tuberosity reconstruction and provide to a higher number of patients a better outcome of RSA for the treatment of PHFs.

Impact of tuberosity treatment in reverse shoulder arthroplasty after proximal humeral fractures: A multicentre study

Marin, Roberto
Primo
;
Ferraro, Sergio;Surace, Michele F
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Background: To assess how tuberosity treatment affects the short-term clinical outcome of patients with complex proximal humeral fractures (PHFs) treated with reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). Methods: This is a multicentre study on 90 patients affected by acute PHFs (Neer type-4/11C3.2 in 80% of patients, and a Neer type 3/11B3.2 in 20%) treated with RSA and followed at an average of 34 months. Patients were divided into two groups (reconstructed and non-reconstructed tuberosity) according to the surgical fixation of the tuberosities. Then, the "reconstructed tuberosity" was divided into "healed" and "non-healed" groups. All patients were clinically evaluated in terms of ROM and strength in elevation, as well as with 0-10 numerical rating scale (NRS), Constant and Murley Score (CMS), DASH Score, and EQ-VAS. X-rays in anteroposterior and Neer views were performed. Results: Based on the status of the tuberosities, 18.9% were non-reconstructed (17 patients) and 81.1% were reconstructed (73 patients): out of these, 11 were correctly healed, 42 healed with malposition, and 20 were reabsorbed. Instability was found in 2/73 patients in the reconstructed group, and in 4/17 patients in the non-reconstructed group. NRS (1.4 vs 0.5), DASH (23.1 vs 13.9), and EQ-VAS (78.1 vs 83.7) scores had better final values in the non-reconstructed group (p < 0.05). However, the non-correctly healed tuberosity group (excision + resorption + malposition/migration) showed worse strength, as well as clinical scores when compared to the correctly healed tuberosity group. Conclusion: RSA ensures satisfactory functional results for PHFs. Patients with a successfully reconstructed tuberosity have an overall better outcome. However, in this series most of the reconstructed cases presented tuberosity reabsorption, malposition, or migration, which led to lower results. Thus, tuberosity reconstruction must be carefully considered and tuberosity reabsorption or migration factors should be investigated, to optimize tuberosity reconstruction and provide to a higher number of patients a better outcome of RSA for the treatment of PHFs.
Marin, Roberto; Feltri, Pietro; Ferraro, Sergio; Ippolito, Giorgio; Campopiano, Gennaro; Previtali, Davide; Filardo, Giuseppe; Marbach, Francesco; De Marinis, Giancarlo; Candrian, Christian; Surace, Michele F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/2133724
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