Background: The incidence, severity and associated risk factors of acute pain after preoperative needle localization of pulmonary nodules are poorly characterized. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to quantify the acute pain induced by preoperative needle localization of small pulmonary nodules before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods: We conducted this study at Shanghai Chest Hospital from September 2021 through December 2021. Eligible patients were between 18 and 75 years old and had small pulmonary nodules requiring preoperative CT-guided needle localization. The intensity of acute pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) after preoperative needle localization. A VAS score ≥4 cm indicated moderate to severe pain. Patient demographics and CT-guided localization factors were collected to identify significant predictors associated with moderate to severe pain. Results: A total of 300 patients were included in the final analysis, with a mean (SD) age of 51 (SD =12) years old; 63% were female. Moderate to severe pain occurred in 50.8% of patients during deep breathing and 45.7% of patients during movement. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that multiple localization needles [multiple needle localizations vs. single needle localization, odds ratio (OR): 2.363, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.157–4.825, P=0.018] and the specific location of needle puncture on the chest wall were significant predictors of moderate to severe pain after CT-guided needle localization (lateral chest wall vs. anterior chest wall OR: 2.235, 95% CI: 1.106–4.518, P=0.025; posterior chest wall vs. anterior chest wall OR: 1.198, 95% CI: 0.611–2.349, P=0.599). Conclusions: In adult patients receiving hookwire CT-guided localization, moderate to severe pain was common. Avoiding the localization route through lateral chest wall may be helpful and pharmacological medications or regional blockade is necessitated in high-risk population.

The incidence and risk factors of acute pain after preoperative needle localization of pulmonary nodules: a cross-sectional study

Imperatori, Andrea;
2022

Abstract

Background: The incidence, severity and associated risk factors of acute pain after preoperative needle localization of pulmonary nodules are poorly characterized. We therefore conducted a cross-sectional study to quantify the acute pain induced by preoperative needle localization of small pulmonary nodules before video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). Methods: We conducted this study at Shanghai Chest Hospital from September 2021 through December 2021. Eligible patients were between 18 and 75 years old and had small pulmonary nodules requiring preoperative CT-guided needle localization. The intensity of acute pain was assessed using the visual analogue scale (VAS) after preoperative needle localization. A VAS score ≥4 cm indicated moderate to severe pain. Patient demographics and CT-guided localization factors were collected to identify significant predictors associated with moderate to severe pain. Results: A total of 300 patients were included in the final analysis, with a mean (SD) age of 51 (SD =12) years old; 63% were female. Moderate to severe pain occurred in 50.8% of patients during deep breathing and 45.7% of patients during movement. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that multiple localization needles [multiple needle localizations vs. single needle localization, odds ratio (OR): 2.363, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.157–4.825, P=0.018] and the specific location of needle puncture on the chest wall were significant predictors of moderate to severe pain after CT-guided needle localization (lateral chest wall vs. anterior chest wall OR: 2.235, 95% CI: 1.106–4.518, P=0.025; posterior chest wall vs. anterior chest wall OR: 1.198, 95% CI: 0.611–2.349, P=0.599). Conclusions: In adult patients receiving hookwire CT-guided localization, moderate to severe pain was common. Avoiding the localization route through lateral chest wall may be helpful and pharmacological medications or regional blockade is necessitated in high-risk population.
Small pulmonary nodules; lung cancer; CT-guided localization; pain; complications
Qin, Wen; Ge, Jun; Gong, Zhihao; Zhang, Yunyun; Dibardino, David M.; Imperatori, Andrea; Tandon, Yasmeen K.; Yanagiya, Masahiro; Yao, Feng; Qiu, Yuwei
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2139292
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