Introduction: The relationship between endocervical cancer and cancer susceptibility syndromes is not yet fully understood. We present 2 cases of endocervical cancer: 1 arising in a patient carrier with a pathogenic BRCA1 variant and the second detected in a Lynch syndrome family carrying the MSH2 germline pathogenic variant. Case description: Somatic analyses including loss of heterozygosity and fluorescent in situ hybridization demonstrated that the second hit in patient 1 is BRCA1-related. Mismatch repair somatic analyses in the second family demonstrated that the endocervical cancers of patient 2 and of her sister are MSH2-related. These data confirm the relationship between the pathogenesis of endocervical cancer and the presence of germline BRCA1 and MSH2 mutations. Conclusions: Our study confirms that gynecologic cancers including rare entities such as non–human papillomavirus–related endocervical cancer (NHPVA) are sentinels for inherited cancer syndromes. Endocervical cancer NHPVAs might be considered for cancer genetic counseling in order to improve cancer prevention. For this reason, the role of pathologists is particularly important for the correct identification of the cervical tumor site.

HPV nonrelated endocervical adenocarcinoma in hereditary cancer syndromes

Carnevali I.;Sahnane N.;Formenti G.;Ghezzi F.;Sessa F.;Tibiletti M. G.
2020

Abstract

Introduction: The relationship between endocervical cancer and cancer susceptibility syndromes is not yet fully understood. We present 2 cases of endocervical cancer: 1 arising in a patient carrier with a pathogenic BRCA1 variant and the second detected in a Lynch syndrome family carrying the MSH2 germline pathogenic variant. Case description: Somatic analyses including loss of heterozygosity and fluorescent in situ hybridization demonstrated that the second hit in patient 1 is BRCA1-related. Mismatch repair somatic analyses in the second family demonstrated that the endocervical cancers of patient 2 and of her sister are MSH2-related. These data confirm the relationship between the pathogenesis of endocervical cancer and the presence of germline BRCA1 and MSH2 mutations. Conclusions: Our study confirms that gynecologic cancers including rare entities such as non–human papillomavirus–related endocervical cancer (NHPVA) are sentinels for inherited cancer syndromes. Endocervical cancer NHPVAs might be considered for cancer genetic counseling in order to improve cancer prevention. For this reason, the role of pathologists is particularly important for the correct identification of the cervical tumor site.
BRCA; endocervical carcinoma; hereditary breast/ovarian cancer; Lynch syndrome; mismatch repair
Carnevali, I.; Di Lauro, E.; Pensotti, V.; Sahnane, N.; Leoni, E.; Formenti, G.; Ghezzi, F.; Sessa, F.; Tibiletti, M. G.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2139791
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact