This work focuses on the impact of covalent organic frameworks' (COFs) pore flexibility in the adsorption and separation of benzene and cyclohexane. With this aim, we have selected the imine-linked 3D COFs COF-300 and LZU-111 as examples of flexible and rigid frameworks, respectively. Optimized syntheses at room temperature or in solvothermal conditions enabled us to selectively isolate the narrow-pore form of COF-300 (COF-300-rt) or a mixture of the narrow-pore and a larger-pore form (COF-300-st), respectively, with different textural properties (BET specific surface area = 39 or 1270 m2/g, respectively, from N2adsorption at 77 K). In the case of LZU-111, only the room temperature route was successful, leading to the known microporous framework. COF-300-rt, COF-300-st, and LZU-111 were studied for benzene and cyclohexane adsorption and separation in static and dynamic conditions. At 298 K and 1 bar, these COFs adsorb more benzene (251, 221, and 214 cm3/g STP, respectively) than cyclohexane (175, 133, and 164 cm3/g STP, respectively). Moreover, the benzene and cyclohexane isotherms of COF-300-rt and COF-300-st are characterized by steps, as expected with a flexible material. Indeed, in situ powder X-ray diffraction experiments on benzene- and cyclohexane-impregnated batches enabled us to trap, for the first time, a sequence of forms of COF-300 with different pore aperture, rationalizing the stepped hysteretic isotherms. Finally, benzene/cyclohexane separation was evaluated using a benzene/cyclohexane 50:50 v/v flow at different temperatures (T = 298, 323, and 348 K): LZU-111 does not selectively retain any of the two components, while COF-300 exhibits stronger benzene-COF interactions also in dynamic conditions.

Impact of pore flexibility in imine-linked covalent organic frameworks on benzene and cyclohexane adsorption

Moroni M.;Vismara R.
;
Galli S.
;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This work focuses on the impact of covalent organic frameworks' (COFs) pore flexibility in the adsorption and separation of benzene and cyclohexane. With this aim, we have selected the imine-linked 3D COFs COF-300 and LZU-111 as examples of flexible and rigid frameworks, respectively. Optimized syntheses at room temperature or in solvothermal conditions enabled us to selectively isolate the narrow-pore form of COF-300 (COF-300-rt) or a mixture of the narrow-pore and a larger-pore form (COF-300-st), respectively, with different textural properties (BET specific surface area = 39 or 1270 m2/g, respectively, from N2adsorption at 77 K). In the case of LZU-111, only the room temperature route was successful, leading to the known microporous framework. COF-300-rt, COF-300-st, and LZU-111 were studied for benzene and cyclohexane adsorption and separation in static and dynamic conditions. At 298 K and 1 bar, these COFs adsorb more benzene (251, 221, and 214 cm3/g STP, respectively) than cyclohexane (175, 133, and 164 cm3/g STP, respectively). Moreover, the benzene and cyclohexane isotherms of COF-300-rt and COF-300-st are characterized by steps, as expected with a flexible material. Indeed, in situ powder X-ray diffraction experiments on benzene- and cyclohexane-impregnated batches enabled us to trap, for the first time, a sequence of forms of COF-300 with different pore aperture, rationalizing the stepped hysteretic isotherms. Finally, benzene/cyclohexane separation was evaluated using a benzene/cyclohexane 50:50 v/v flow at different temperatures (T = 298, 323, and 348 K): LZU-111 does not selectively retain any of the two components, while COF-300 exhibits stronger benzene-COF interactions also in dynamic conditions.
2022
2022
COF-300; covalent organic frameworks; gas separation; liquid organic hydrogen carriers; LZU-111
Moroni, M.; Roldan-Molina, E.; Vismara, R.; Galli, S.; Navarro, J. A. R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2143333
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