Staphylococcus aureus is an extremely virulent pathogen that is capable of quickly evolving and developing antibiotic resistance. To overcome this problem, new antibiotics have been developed. Some of these have been licenced for use in clinical practice, mainly for the treatment of adults with acute skin and soft tissue infections, in addition to both community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and nosocomial pneumonia (hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia). In this paper, the main characteristics and clinical use of new licenced anti-staphylococcal drugs have been discussed. In vitro studies have demonstrated that some new anti-staphylococcal antibiotics have better antimicrobial activity and, at least in certain cases, more favourable pharmacokinetic properties and higher safety and tolerability than the presently available anti-staphylococcal drugs. This suggests that they may have a potential use in reducing the risk of failure of S. aureus therapy. However, an in-depth analysis of microbiological and clinical studies carried out with these new drugs seems to indicate that further studies need to be conducted before the problem of resistance of S. aureus to the antibiotics available today can be completely solved. Considering the overall available research, the drugs that are active against S. aureus appear to present a great therapeutic opportunity for overcoming resistance to traditional therapy. There are advantages in the pharmacokinetic characteristics of some of these drugs and they have the potential to reduce hospital stays and economic costs associated with their use.

New Antibiotics for Staphylococcus aureus Infection: An Update from the World Association of Infectious Diseases and Immunological Disorders (WAidid) and the Italian Society of Anti-Infective Therapy (SITA)

Peghin, Maddalena;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Staphylococcus aureus is an extremely virulent pathogen that is capable of quickly evolving and developing antibiotic resistance. To overcome this problem, new antibiotics have been developed. Some of these have been licenced for use in clinical practice, mainly for the treatment of adults with acute skin and soft tissue infections, in addition to both community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and nosocomial pneumonia (hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia and ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia). In this paper, the main characteristics and clinical use of new licenced anti-staphylococcal drugs have been discussed. In vitro studies have demonstrated that some new anti-staphylococcal antibiotics have better antimicrobial activity and, at least in certain cases, more favourable pharmacokinetic properties and higher safety and tolerability than the presently available anti-staphylococcal drugs. This suggests that they may have a potential use in reducing the risk of failure of S. aureus therapy. However, an in-depth analysis of microbiological and clinical studies carried out with these new drugs seems to indicate that further studies need to be conducted before the problem of resistance of S. aureus to the antibiotics available today can be completely solved. Considering the overall available research, the drugs that are active against S. aureus appear to present a great therapeutic opportunity for overcoming resistance to traditional therapy. There are advantages in the pharmacokinetic characteristics of some of these drugs and they have the potential to reduce hospital stays and economic costs associated with their use.
2023
MRSA; MSSA; Staphylococcus aureus; anti-infective therapy; antibiotics; antimicrobial resistance
Esposito, Susanna; Blasi, Francesco; Curtis, Nigel; Kaplan, Sheldon; Lazzarotto, Tiziana; Meschiari, Marianna; Mussini, Cristina; Peghin, Maddalena; Rodrigo, Carlos; Vena, Antonio; Principi, Nicola; Bassetti, Matteo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2167795
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