Although it is known that hysterectomy (HY) alone cannot resolve apical prolapse, vaginal hysterectomy (VH) remains the most common surgical procedure for this issue. In recent years, various procedures for uterine conservation have been proposed to avoid the surgical risks of HY. Furthermore, most women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) prefer uterine conservation in the absence of considerable benefit in uterine removal. In 2017, we proposed a new technique for hysteropexy and anterior vaginal native tissue repair (NTR) in women with cystocele and apical prolapse. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of this new procedure after at least 5 years of follow-up. We included only patients with stage II or greater prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall and a concomitant stage II uterine prolapse in accordance with Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system. A Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score ≤ 2 in addition with the absence of POP symptoms was defined as subjective success. A descensus with a maximum point of less than −1 in any compartment was considered objective cure. A total of 102 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were enrolled. At 60 months follow-up, 90 out of 102 patients (88%) were subjectively cured, whereas 88 out of the 102 (86%) patients were objectively cured. Subjective and objective cure rates persisted during the entire study period. Uni- and multivariate analysis of possible predictive factors associated with recurrence of prolapse showed that only a preoperative point C > 0 cm and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 were risk factors for failure. In conclusion, our study showed that hysteropexy with anterior vaginal native tissue repair may be an effective and safe option for the treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse and concomitant stage II uterine prolapse by at least 5 years of follow-up.

Hysteropexy and Anterior Vaginal Native Tissue Repair in Women with Anterior and Central Compartment Prolapse: A Long Term Follow-Up

Serati M.
Primo
;
Scancarello C.;De Rosa A.;Caccia G.;Ghezzi F.;Braga A.
2023-01-01

Abstract

Although it is known that hysterectomy (HY) alone cannot resolve apical prolapse, vaginal hysterectomy (VH) remains the most common surgical procedure for this issue. In recent years, various procedures for uterine conservation have been proposed to avoid the surgical risks of HY. Furthermore, most women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse (POP) prefer uterine conservation in the absence of considerable benefit in uterine removal. In 2017, we proposed a new technique for hysteropexy and anterior vaginal native tissue repair (NTR) in women with cystocele and apical prolapse. The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of this new procedure after at least 5 years of follow-up. We included only patients with stage II or greater prolapse of the anterior vaginal wall and a concomitant stage II uterine prolapse in accordance with Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification (POP-Q) system. A Patient Global Impression of Improvement (PGI-I) score ≤ 2 in addition with the absence of POP symptoms was defined as subjective success. A descensus with a maximum point of less than −1 in any compartment was considered objective cure. A total of 102 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were enrolled. At 60 months follow-up, 90 out of 102 patients (88%) were subjectively cured, whereas 88 out of the 102 (86%) patients were objectively cured. Subjective and objective cure rates persisted during the entire study period. Uni- and multivariate analysis of possible predictive factors associated with recurrence of prolapse showed that only a preoperative point C > 0 cm and BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 were risk factors for failure. In conclusion, our study showed that hysteropexy with anterior vaginal native tissue repair may be an effective and safe option for the treatment of anterior vaginal prolapse and concomitant stage II uterine prolapse by at least 5 years of follow-up.
2023
apical prolapse; cystocele; hysteropexy; pelvic organ prolapse; transverse cystocele repair
Serati, M.; Salvatore, S.; Torella, M.; Scancarello, C.; De Rosa, A.; Ruffolo, A. F.; Caccia, G.; Ghezzi, F.; Papadia, A.; Baruch, Y.; Braga, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2169431
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