From January 2019 to April 2020, 32 KPC-producing, ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA)-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were isolated in a university hospital in Rome, Italy. These strains belonged to the sequence type 512 (ST512), ST101, and ST307 high-risk clones. Nine different CZA-resistant KPC-3 protein variants were identified, five of them never previously reported (KPC-66 to KPC-70). Among the nine, KPC-31, KPC-39, KPC-49, KPC-66, KP-68, KPC-69, and KPC-70 showed amino acid substitutions, insertions, and deletions in the X loop of the protein. KPC-29 has a duplication, while the novel KPC-67 has a triplication, of the KDD triplet in the 270-loop, a secondary loop of the KPC-3 protein. Genomics performed on contemporary resistant and susceptible clones underlined that these novel mutations emerged in blaKPC-3 genes located on conserved plasmids: in ST512, all blaKPC-3 mutant genes were located in pKpQIL plasmids, while the three novel blaKPC-3 mutants identified in ST101 were on FIIk-FIA(HI1)-R plasmids. Selection also promoted multiplication of the carbapenemase gene copy number by transposition, recombination, and fusion of resident plasmids. When expressed in Escherichia coli recipient cells cloned in the high-copy-number pTOPO vector, the X loop mutated variants showed the CZA-resistant phenotype associated with susceptibility to carbapenems, while KPC variants with insertions in the 270-loop showed residual activity on carbapenems. The investigation of CZA resistance mechanisms offered the unique opportunity to study vertical, horizontal, and oblique evolutionary trajectories of K. pneumoniae high-risk clones.

Evolutionary trajectories toward ceftazidime-avibactam resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae clinical isolates

Arcari G.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

From January 2019 to April 2020, 32 KPC-producing, ceftazidime-avibactam (CZA)-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains were isolated in a university hospital in Rome, Italy. These strains belonged to the sequence type 512 (ST512), ST101, and ST307 high-risk clones. Nine different CZA-resistant KPC-3 protein variants were identified, five of them never previously reported (KPC-66 to KPC-70). Among the nine, KPC-31, KPC-39, KPC-49, KPC-66, KP-68, KPC-69, and KPC-70 showed amino acid substitutions, insertions, and deletions in the X loop of the protein. KPC-29 has a duplication, while the novel KPC-67 has a triplication, of the KDD triplet in the 270-loop, a secondary loop of the KPC-3 protein. Genomics performed on contemporary resistant and susceptible clones underlined that these novel mutations emerged in blaKPC-3 genes located on conserved plasmids: in ST512, all blaKPC-3 mutant genes were located in pKpQIL plasmids, while the three novel blaKPC-3 mutants identified in ST101 were on FIIk-FIA(HI1)-R plasmids. Selection also promoted multiplication of the carbapenemase gene copy number by transposition, recombination, and fusion of resident plasmids. When expressed in Escherichia coli recipient cells cloned in the high-copy-number pTOPO vector, the X loop mutated variants showed the CZA-resistant phenotype associated with susceptibility to carbapenems, while KPC variants with insertions in the 270-loop showed residual activity on carbapenems. The investigation of CZA resistance mechanisms offered the unique opportunity to study vertical, horizontal, and oblique evolutionary trajectories of K. pneumoniae high-risk clones.
2021
2021
antimicrobial resistance; carbapen; klebsiella pneumoniae; anti-bacterial agents; azabicyclo compounds; bacterial proteins; ceftazidime; drug combinations; humans; microbial sensitivity tests; beta-lactamases; klebsiella Infections; klebsiella pneumoniae
Carattoli, A.; Arcari, G.; Bibbolino, G.; Sacco, F.; Tomolillo, D.; Di Lella, F. M.; Trancassini, M.; Faino, L.; Venditti, M.; Antonelli, G.; Raponi, G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Carattoli_Evolutionary_2021.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 2.96 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.96 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2170452
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 30
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 42
social impact