Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, skeletal abnormalities and bone marrow (BM) dysfunction with an increased risk to develop myelodysplastic syndrome and/or acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS/AML). SDS is caused, in nearly 90% of cases, by two common mutations (that is, c.183_184TA>CT and c.258+2T>C) in exon 2 of the SBDS gene, localized on chromosome 7. Clonal chromosome anomalies are often found in the BM of SDS patients; the most frequent is an isochromosome for long arms of chromosome 7, i(7)(q10). We studied eight patients with SDS carrying the i(7)(q10) who were compound heterozygotes for SBDS mutations. By assessing the parental origin of the i(7)(q10) using microsatellite analysis, we inferred from the results which mutation was present in double dose in the isochromosome. We demonstrate that in all cases the i(7)(q10) carries a double dose of the c.258+2T>C, and we suggest that, as the c.258+2T>C mutation still allows the production of some amount of normal protein, this may contribute to the low incidence of MDS/AML in this subset of SDS patients.

The isochromosome i(7)(q10) carrying c.258+2t>c mutation of the SBDS gene does not promote development of myeloid malignancies in patients with Shwachman syndrome.

MASERATI, EMANUELA;LO CURTO, FRANCESCO;PASQUALI, FRANCESCO;
2009

Abstract

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) is an autosomal recessive disorder, characterized by exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, skeletal abnormalities and bone marrow (BM) dysfunction with an increased risk to develop myelodysplastic syndrome and/or acute myeloid leukaemia (MDS/AML). SDS is caused, in nearly 90% of cases, by two common mutations (that is, c.183_184TA>CT and c.258+2T>C) in exon 2 of the SBDS gene, localized on chromosome 7. Clonal chromosome anomalies are often found in the BM of SDS patients; the most frequent is an isochromosome for long arms of chromosome 7, i(7)(q10). We studied eight patients with SDS carrying the i(7)(q10) who were compound heterozygotes for SBDS mutations. By assessing the parental origin of the i(7)(q10) using microsatellite analysis, we inferred from the results which mutation was present in double dose in the isochromosome. We demonstrate that in all cases the i(7)(q10) carries a double dose of the c.258+2T>C, and we suggest that, as the c.258+2T>C mutation still allows the production of some amount of normal protein, this may contribute to the low incidence of MDS/AML in this subset of SDS patients.
isochromosome, microsatellite marker, pathogenesis, Shwachman syndrome
Minelli, A; Maserati, Emanuela; Nicolis, E; Zecca, M; Sainati, L; Longoni, D; LO CURTO, Francesco; Menna, G; Poli, F; DE PAOLI, E; Cipolli, M; Locatell, F; Pasquali, Francesco; Danesino, C.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Minelli et al 2009.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Documento in Post-print
Licenza: DRM non definito
Dimensione 115.51 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
115.51 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/10866
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 47
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 45
social impact