The incidence of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) in pediatric patients is increasing in parallel with the more successful management of the primary tumor, but scant information is available on clinical and cytogenetic characteristics. We report here two children affected by t-MDS after chemo/radiotherapy for a primary solid tumor, both with an unbalanced translocation 1/6 in their bone marrow. Characterization by array comparative genomic hybridization of the imbalances showed an almost identical pattern: almost complete trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 1, and a terminal deletion and interstitial duplication of the short arm of chromosome 6. The gain of chromosome 6 short arm encompasses regions already highlighted as possibly relevant for t-MDS in adults, and we suggest that the unbalanced translocation reported here be considered a new recurrent, non-random chromosomal abnormality in pediatric patients with t-MDS.

A new recurrent chromosome change in pediatric therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome: unbalanced translocation 1/6 with cryptic duplication of the short arms of chromosome 6

VALLI, ROBERTO;MASERATI, EMANUELA;PASQUALI, FRANCESCO;
2012

Abstract

The incidence of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) in pediatric patients is increasing in parallel with the more successful management of the primary tumor, but scant information is available on clinical and cytogenetic characteristics. We report here two children affected by t-MDS after chemo/radiotherapy for a primary solid tumor, both with an unbalanced translocation 1/6 in their bone marrow. Characterization by array comparative genomic hybridization of the imbalances showed an almost identical pattern: almost complete trisomy of the long arm of chromosome 1, and a terminal deletion and interstitial duplication of the short arm of chromosome 6. The gain of chromosome 6 short arm encompasses regions already highlighted as possibly relevant for t-MDS in adults, and we suggest that the unbalanced translocation reported here be considered a new recurrent, non-random chromosomal abnormality in pediatric patients with t-MDS.
t-MDS; pediatric age; unbalanced translocation; array-CGH
Tassano, E; Tavella, E; Valli, Roberto; Micalizzi, Cuoco; Maserati, Emanuela; Pasquali, Francesco; Morerio, C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11383/1758929
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