Antibiotic therapy is one of the most important strategies to treat bacterial infections. The overuse of antibiotics, especially in the perinatal period, is associated with long-lasting negative consequences such as the spread of antibiotic resistance and alterations in the composition and function of the gut microbiota, both of which negatively affect human health. In this review, we summarize recent evidence about the influence of antibiotic treatment on the neonatal gut microbiota and the subsequent negative effects on the health of the infant. We also analyze the possible microbiome-based approaches for the re-establishment of healthy microbiota in neonates.

Effects of perinatal antibiotic exposure and neonatal gut microbiota

Morreale, Chiara
Primo
;
Giaroni, Cristina
;
Baj, Andreina;Agosti, Massimo
Penultimo
;
Bresesti, Ilia
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Antibiotic therapy is one of the most important strategies to treat bacterial infections. The overuse of antibiotics, especially in the perinatal period, is associated with long-lasting negative consequences such as the spread of antibiotic resistance and alterations in the composition and function of the gut microbiota, both of which negatively affect human health. In this review, we summarize recent evidence about the influence of antibiotic treatment on the neonatal gut microbiota and the subsequent negative effects on the health of the infant. We also analyze the possible microbiome-based approaches for the re-establishment of healthy microbiota in neonates.
2023
2023
https://www.mdpi.com/2079-6382/12/2/258
antibiotic; neonate; neonatal intensive care unit; preterm; probiotics; gut microbiota; microbiome
Morreale, Chiara; Giaroni, Cristina; Baj, Andreina; Folgori, Laura; Barcellini, Lucia; Dhami, Amraj; Agosti, Massimo; Bresesti, Ilia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2147124
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