We leverage Gaia DR2 parallactic distances to deliver new or revised estimates of planetary parameters and X-ray irradiation for a distance-limited (less than or similar to 100 pc) sample of 27 gaseous planets (from super-Earths to hot Jupiters) with publicly available Chandra and/or XMM observations, for which we carry out a homogeneous data reduction. For 20 planets with X-ray-detected host stars we make use of the photoionization hydrodynamics code ATES to derive updated atmospheric mass outflow rates. The newly derived masses/radii are not consistent with the exoplanet.eu values for five systems: HD 149026b and WASP-38, for mass, and Au Mic b, HAT-P-20, and HAT-P-2 for radii. Notably, the lower mass implies a (Saturn-like) density of 0.86 +/- 0.09 g cm(-3) for HD 149026b. This independent estimate is consistent with the lowest values reported in the literature. Separately, we report on the X-ray detection of GJ 9827, HD 219134, and LHS 1140 for the first time. The inferred stellar X-ray luminosity of LHS 1140 (1.34(-0.21)(+0.19)x10(26) erg s(-1)) implies that LHS 1140 b is the least irradiated transiting super-Earth known to orbit within the habitable zone of a nearby M dwarf.

Planetary Parameters, XUV Environments, and Mass-loss Rates for Nearby Gaseous Planets with X-Ray-detected Host Stars

Spinelli R.;Haardt F.;Biassoni F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

We leverage Gaia DR2 parallactic distances to deliver new or revised estimates of planetary parameters and X-ray irradiation for a distance-limited (less than or similar to 100 pc) sample of 27 gaseous planets (from super-Earths to hot Jupiters) with publicly available Chandra and/or XMM observations, for which we carry out a homogeneous data reduction. For 20 planets with X-ray-detected host stars we make use of the photoionization hydrodynamics code ATES to derive updated atmospheric mass outflow rates. The newly derived masses/radii are not consistent with the exoplanet.eu values for five systems: HD 149026b and WASP-38, for mass, and Au Mic b, HAT-P-20, and HAT-P-2 for radii. Notably, the lower mass implies a (Saturn-like) density of 0.86 +/- 0.09 g cm(-3) for HD 149026b. This independent estimate is consistent with the lowest values reported in the literature. Separately, we report on the X-ray detection of GJ 9827, HD 219134, and LHS 1140 for the first time. The inferred stellar X-ray luminosity of LHS 1140 (1.34(-0.21)(+0.19)x10(26) erg s(-1)) implies that LHS 1140 b is the least irradiated transiting super-Earth known to orbit within the habitable zone of a nearby M dwarf.
2023
2023
Spinelli, R.; Gallo, E.; Haardt, F.; Caldiroli, A.; Biassoni, F.; Borsa, F.; Rauscher, E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11383/2155891
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